Consider getting help during this time, which can get very busy and overwhelming. While in the hospital, talk with experts around you. Many hospitals have specialists meal or a lactation consultant who can help you get started nursing or bottle-feeding. The nurse also is a great resource to show you how to hold, burp, change, and care for your baby.
For in-home help, you may want to hire a baby nurse, postpartum doula, or neighborhood teenager responsible for helping you for a brief time after giving birth. Your doctor or hospital can help you find information about in-house help, and may make a referral to a home health agency.
Relatives and friends often want to help, too. Even if you do not agree on certain things, do not overlook their experience. But if you do not feel up to having guests or you have other problems, do not feel guilty about placing restrictions on visitors.
How to Carry a Newborn?
If you have not spent much time around newborns, their fragility can be intimidating. Here are some basics to keep in mind:
- One of the most important of all, wash your hands (or use a hand sanitizer) before handling or touching your baby. As we all know, newborn babies do not have a strong immune system yet, so they are at risk for infection. Always make sure that everyone who handles your baby to have clean hands.
- Support your baby’s head and neck. Cradle the head when carrying your baby and supports the head while carrying the baby upright or when you lay your baby down.
- Don’t ever shake your baby, whether in play or frustration. Because shaking can cause bleeding in the brain and even death. If you need to wake your baby, do not do it by shaking – instead, tickle your baby’s feet or blow gently on the cheek.
- Always make sure your baby is safely strapped into the carrier, stroller or car seat. See for a limit activity that could be too rough or bouncy.
- Please remember that your baby is not ready to play rough, like swaying in the knee or thrown in the air.
Here is how to swaddle a baby
Roll out the receiving blanket, with a folded corner slightly.
Lay the baby face-up on the cover with his head above the folded corner.
Wrap the left corner on the body and tuck it under the baby’s back, passing under the right arm.
Bring the bottom corner up on the baby’s feet and pull it toward the head, fold the fabric down if it is near the face. Do not wrap too tightly around the hips. The hips and knees should slightly need to bent and turned. Wrapping your baby can both increase the risk of hip dysplasia.
Wrap the right corner around the baby, and slide under the back on the left side of the baby, leaving only the head and neck exposed. To ensure that your baby is not wrapped too tight, make sure that you can slide a hand between the cover and the breast of your baby, which will help to breathe easy. However, make sure that the coverage is so loose that it could not unravel.
Keep in mind that babies should not be swaddled after the age of 2 months. At this age, some babies can roll all wrapped up, increasing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Tips to Prevent or Heal Diaper Rash
Changing diapers frequently to prevent diaper rash. It is particularly important to change poopy diapers as soon as possible, because they can cause a rash layer quickly.
Diaper rash is a common concern. Usually the rash is red and bumpy color and disappear in a few days with warm baths, some diaper cream, and a little time out of the diaper. Most rashes occur because the baby’s skin is sensitive and wet diaper or poop irritated.
- Keep handy distractions. If your baby during changes is busy, get a move on the engagement area changing, hang pictures or mirrors to look, or give your baby a small toy to play while you take care of business.
- On the stock layers to avoid. Can wet as newborns up to eight to ten diapers a day.
Some disposable diapers for young babies have a moisture indicator on them – a line that changes color if the diaper is wet. It is not necessary, but it can be a convenient way to tell at a glance if it is time for a change.
- If continuous leakage shit back to the top of the layer of your baby, it may be time to go up a size. The weight recorded on the packaging layers are only guidelines, and your baby may need a larger size earlier.
- When you leave home, bring some extra plastic or biodegradable bags with you so you have a place to put dirty diapers, if there is nowhere to dispose of. (Get the complete list of the essential elements of diaper bag.)
- Give a little fun: the layers changes offer a chance for some special. Talk and sing to your baby, pointing to different parts of your baby’s body and explain what you are doing. Once your baby is clean, try some simple songs like “Itsy Bitsy Spider” or “Head, shoulders, knees and toes. “Play a little peekaboo or patty-cake, and share a kiss before concluding.
While most babies quickly learn to love bath time, do not be surprised if yours wiggles or first cries – all that water takes some getting used to! Here are some tips and information to make bath time safe and enjoyable for you both.
Newborns do not get very dirty, as long as you clean the bottom of your baby thoroughly with each diaper change, you will probably not need to bathe more than two or three times a week.
Also, your baby’s hair (if any) will not need to be shampooed every bath; just do it whenever it seems necessary.
Use a clean sponge bath.
While the baby still has the umbilical cord, sponge baths (with your baby lying securely on a padded soft surface) let you avoid submerging the cord stump that must stay dry.
When the cord of your baby is dropped, it will be ready for a real bath. Use bathinette, a sink, or a plastic lined vessel with a towel and filled with about two inches of water.
Tips to Bathe Your Baby
- Always bathe your baby in warm water.
- Use dry towel handy to wrap immediately after the bath.
- Setting up a warm, wet washcloth on the stomach of your baby during his bath can help prevent it from becoming chilled.
- Soft washcloth and sponge for cleaning. Use a soft washcloth or sponge for cleaning.
- Carefully rinse each part of your baby to turn, gently sponging visible flakes of skin.
- Make sure to check behind her ears, her fingers, and toes, under the arms and in the folds of her neck and thighs, where debris often collects.
- The bath should only be long enough to wipe debris and peeling skin that is collected.
- Keep one hand on your baby at any time – it could slip into the water in a heartbeat – and never leave your baby alone in the bath, even for a moment. If you must leave the room, take it with you.
- After your baby bath, pat dries gently. You can moisturize to help maintain his natural strength and softness.
Tips for Umbilical Cord Care
You will need to keep the strain of own umbilical cord and dry as it shrivels and eventually falls.
To keep the cord dry, sponge bathe your baby rather than immersing it in a water bath. Keep also the diaper folded below the cord to keep urine from soaking it. You may notice a few drops of blood on the layer around the time the stump falls; it’s normal. But if the cord does actively bleeding, immediately call your baby’s doctor. If the strain is infected, however, it will require medical treatment. Although infection is rare, contact your doctor if any of these signs are present:
Yellowish foul-smelling discharge cord red skin around the base of the cord.
Don’t panic the baby will cry when you touch the cord or skin next.
The umbilical cord stump to dry and fall off when your baby is eight weeks old. If left beyond that time, there may be other issues. See the baby’s doctor if the cord has not dried up and fallen when the baby is two months old.
Tips for Feeding the Newborn Baby
On the chest or shoulder
- Put a cloth over your shoulder (and even down the back) to protect your clothes from spit-up.
- Holding your baby against your chest so that his chin is resting on your shoulders.
- Support with one hand and gently pat or rub his back with the other.
Or try this as an alternative when your baby has more control of the head and neck:
- Hold your baby away over your shoulder – high enough that your shoulder pressing lightly on the stomach, creating a gentle pressure that will let out a burp them.
- Support with one hand and gently pat or rub his back with the other.
- Make sure your baby can breathe comfortably and does not degenerate over too far. A quick peek in the mirror to check the placement of the head can help.
Sitting on your lap
- Place the fabric on a baby bib or cloth on your lap to capture every spit-up.
- Use one hand to support the body, palms of your hands to support his chest while your fingers gently support the chin and jaw. (Make sure you do not put your fingers around his neck.)
- Your baby leans slightly forward and gently pat or rub his back with the other hand.
Facedown on your lap
- Put a cloth on your lap to capture every spit-up.
- Lay your baby’s face on your feet so that she was lying on your knee, perpendicular to your body.
- Supports the chin and jaw in one hand. Make sure your baby’s head is not lower than the rest of the body so that the blood does not rush to his head.
- Pat or rub his back with the other hand.
- Note: If you do not get a burp after a few minutes, try a different position. If that does not work, it does nothing to stop – your baby may not need to burp.
Help tips for the Sleeping Routine of a Newborn Baby
Have your baby sleep in your room
It is important that your baby should sleep in your room with you, but only in a crib, bassinet or other structure designed for infants for at least six months and possibly up to a year. This could help to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Adult beds are not safe for young children. The baby can be trapped and suffocated between the headboard slats, the space between the mattress and box spring, or the space between the mattress and the wall. A baby can also suffocate if a sleeping parent rolls and accidentally covers the nose and mouth of the baby.
Encouraging good sleep habits
For the first month, from the middle of the night feedings are sure to disrupt sleep for parents and babies as well – but it is never too early to help your baby get a good sleep. Consider these tips:
- Follow one o’clock bedtime routine, soothing. Overstimulation night, it can be difficult for your baby to regulate sleep. Try bathing, cuddling, singing, playing music or quiet reading, with a clear end point when you leave the room. Start these activities before your baby is in a quiet location too tired, softly lit room.
- Put your baby to bed drowsy but awake. This will help your baby bed associated with the process of falling asleep. Remember to place your baby on his back and erase the crib or bassinet of blankets and other soft items.
- Give your baby time to settle. Your baby may fuss or cry before finding a comfortable position and sleep. If the crying does not stop, check on your baby, offer comforting words and leave the room. Your reassuring presence could be just what your baby needs to sleep.
- Pacifier. If your baby has trouble moving, a pacifier might do the trick. In fact, research suggests that using a pacifier during sleep helps reduce the risk of SIDS.
- Keep quiet night care. When your baby needs care or feeding during the night, use dim lights, a soft voice and calm movements. This will tell your baby that it is time to sleep – not play.
- Observe your baby’s preferences. If your baby is a night owl or an early bird, you may want to adjust the routines and schedules based on these natural patterns.
Many newborns have days and nights they were “mixed.” They tend to be more awake and alert at night, and daytime sleepiness. One way to help them is to maintain stimulation at night to a minimum. Keeping the lights are low, such as by using a nightlight. Backup talk and play with your baby for the day. When your baby wakes up during the day, try to keep him awake longer to talk and play.
Although you may feel anxious about handling a newborn, in a few weeks you will develop a routine and be parenting like a pro! If you have any questions or concerns, ask your doctor to recommend resources that can help you and your baby grow together.
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