Hypertension or high blood pressure is really known as a silent killer. In many cases, you may not know you have hypertension. Except in cases of severe hypertension will not show any symptoms. It is, therefore, important to go for routine examinations to determine the condition of your blood pressure. We can easily monitor our blood pressure at home. Also, if you have a family history of hypertension, you are more likely to develop hypertension later in life.

There are a lot of adults today who suffer from high blood pressure but are not aware of it. Keeping blood pressure under control is vital. Uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to more severe conditions such as stroke, heart failure, and aneurysms.


Signs of Severe Hypertension

In severe cases of hypertension, the following are the symptoms the patient may experience:

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• Severe headache
• Bleeding from the nose
• Chest pain
• Breathing difficulty
• Blur vision
• Irregularity in a heartbeat
• Blood in the urine
• Pounding in the chest, the ear, or the neck


Some other symptoms that may be as a result of hypertension include:

• Sweating profusely
• Feeling of dizziness
• Problems with sleeping
• Nervousness
• Spot of blood in the eyes


Causes of Hypertension

The cause of hypertension is often not known. It may occur as a result of an underlying condition. Doctors categorize hypertension into primary(essential) or secondary. When hypertension is due to other underlying factors, it is called primary hypertension. It can occur as a result of the following:

• Hormone activity as a result of managing blood volume or pressure with medication
• Blood plasma volume
• Stress and lack of physical activity

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Secondary hypertension can occur as a complication of other disease conditions like:

• Chronic kidney diseases
• Diabetes
• Problems associated with the overactive thyroid gland
• hyperparathyroidism
• obesity
• sleep apnea
• pregnancy
• crushing syndrome as a result of taking certain drugs



How to treat high blood pressure:

Lifestyle Changes to Treat High Blood Pressure. An important step in preventing and treating high blood pressure is a healthy lifestyle. You can lower your blood pressure with the following lifestyle changes:

  • Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
  • Quit smoking
  • Always eat a healthy diet, (eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, less saturated and total fat)
  • Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet to less than 1,500 milligrams per day if you have high blood pressure; A healthy adult should try to limit their sodium intake of no more than 2,300 milligrams per day (about 1 teaspoon of salt).
  • Getting regular exercise or activity (such as brisk walking at least 30 minutes a day, several days a week)
  • Limit alcohol to two drinks a day for men, one drink a day for women
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